The themes of the Conference are listed below
1. Implementation of system approach on agricultural resource management: Farm, regional and national multi-hierarchical linkage
2. Climate Smart Agricultural Systems
3. Sustainable rural livelihood system (Resilient social ecological system)1.Implementation of system approach on agricultural resource management: Farm, regional and national multi-hierarchical linkage
Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management (SANRM) is focused on activities seeking to increase agricultural productivity through adoption of practices that maintain the long term Social ecological integrity of natural resources. Activities should cover social and environmental issues of agriculture and natural resource management to sustain significant increases in farm productivity through the efficient use of land and other resources.
Decentralized approaches for planning and local organization of service delivery are also necessary because most ANRM problems and recommended practices are site-specific (area-based) which require a high level of managerial input and adaptation to local ecological, economic, and social circumstances.
SANRM is also considered on sound technical analyses provided within a framework and mechanism that effectively delivers ANRM services at the community level that performance would be measured against specific indicators and assessment method.
Issues on this theme are as follows:
The efforts and innovations in intensifying sustainable agricultural system to confront with the food security goal under limited and continuously degraded agricultural resource has been successively challenged by climate pressure and rapid social and economic change. This urges us to seek for system and integrative approaches to co-construct a better understanding on the linkage of climate change and sustainable agriculture that leads to improved awareness, inter- disciplinary, multi-hierarchical levels and cross-sectoral collaboration enabling and supporting resilient mitigation and adaptation of agricultural system to climate change. The sessions under this theme challenge the involved scholars to share and exchange knowledge and experience on these following aspects:
The sustainability of rural livelihood systems has been the subject of increasing concern to understand the nature and magnitude of the process of diversification and external dependence of farming households in the context of changing social ecological conditions. The challenge is to understand how farming households in diverse settings cope with stress and perturbation, and how various social relations, institutions and organizations attempt to absorb varying levels of exposure to risks and uncertainties by different groups of farmers in ordinary time.
Sustainable livelihood system in a broader context has covered various factors and processes which are either constraining or enhancing smallholder farmers’ ability to make a living in an economically, ecologically, and socially sustainable manner. Various successful cases of sustainable agricultural and food production systems which are asset based have been shown to overcome risks and uncertainties. The use of local knowledge and social innovations for building community resilience has strong link to sustaining rural economy.
The process requires long-term implement/efforts among multi-actors in order to achieve good impact/outcome for rural agricultural-based communities; appropriate assessment methods and processes are still needed/challenges.
The sustainable livelihood system theme covers the following issues: